This module is the analog implementation of some basic logic elements. Instead of dealing with binary inputs, the "logic" is applied to whatever voltages are present on the inputs. When the AND element is fed several voltages, the output will equal the the lowest input voltage. The NAND output will be the inversion around 0 volts of the AND output. When the OR element is fed several voltages, the output will equal the the highest input voltage. The NOR output will be the inversion around 0 volts of the OR output. Apparently the AND and OR functions are the same thing as "peak" and "trough" on old Serge synthesizers, though they are implemented somewhat differently.
How to use this module:
Connect the inputs to several voltage sources feed the outputs to a module that requires a CV input. Unused inputs will automatically set themselves to a voltage where they will not interfere with the operation of the logic elements. The modules have an operational range of +/-10V.
A little on how it works:
The schematic of the Analog Logic. There are minor differences between this diagram and the earlier version, notably with the output buffers.
The schematic of the onboard mixer included on the VER1.2 PCB.
The elements along the left side of the schematic are essentially "perfect diodes", that is diodes with a voltage drop of 0 volts. For the OR/NOR module, the diodes are forward biased, while for the AND/NAND module they are reverse biased. Pull down resistors on the inputs of the OR/NOR module set any unused inputs to the lowest voltage possible, so that those inputs will not affect the output. Pull up resistors pull any unused inputs of the AND/NAND module to the highest possible voltage for the same reason.
In both modules (AND/NAND and OR/NOR), the next op amp is wired as a voltage follower, to buffer the voltage from the combined inputs. Following that are traditional unity gain inverting buffers, the first giving the inverted outputs and the second giving the non inverted outputs for their corresponding modules. There is a trimpot in series with each of the output buffers, allowing the modules to be precisely trimmed for 1/V per octave on at least one of the inputs.
Two transistors wired as emitter followers give the (approx.) +10 volt and -10 volt levels as used elsewhere in the circuit.
Specs & Downloads
Specs & Downloads
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Customer Reviews (1)
- learning curveReview by David
- Now that I have used it for a while, I think I find this to be useful. However it is a bit of a troublesome build in comparison to other CGS boards I have dealt with. I didn't use the mixer portion of the PCB. Implementing the "limit" knobs took a lot of sleuthing, since there aren't dedicated pads for the flying wires. But these knobs are really helpful in unlocking the potential of the design. I find it most useful as a source of complicated modulation voltages, even though my original thought was that it would help create interesting rythms. (Posted on 12/17/2016)